Paralysis is one of the major disabilities transpire to a person after an attack of stroke. It is a state of incapacity for a specific muscle or group of muscles that restrict them from moving and function normally. The muscle movements are controlled by the messages received from the brain. Stroke may stop or disable a part of the brain from the normal functions. When the instructions to muscles are stopped, it will stop function and the person becomes unable to make any movements.
When the blood circulation towards the brain his hindered, paralysis may occur and this situation of medical emergency is commonly known as stroke. Stroke paralysis usually affects the opposite side of the damage occurred in the brain and any other part of the body can be affected as a result of it. Paralysis is the immediate side effect of a stroke. But modern medicines and physiotherapy that consists of the recovery exercises can gradually reduce stroke paralysis and can expect full recovery in most cases.
Stroke paralysis may occur due to different reasons and the major ones are listed below.
1. Stroke paralysis due to TIA
A TIA or transient ischemic attack is commonly called mini-stroke in the medical world. It is considered as a warning about some serious medical condition of the person. A transient ischemic attack or TIA occurs when a momentary stoppage of the blood circulation to the brain happens. As the name indicates, TIA and its after-effects are temporary in most cases.
2. Stroke paralysis due to Ischemic stroke
Ischemic stroke may happen when the blood flow to the brain is obstructed by a blood clot. These blood clots might be because of a medical condition called atherosclerosis. In atherosclerosis, fat is accumulated in the blood is the reason for the blood clot. In ischemic stroke, the stroke can be embolic with the possibility for the transfer of blood clot from one part of the body to another. Irregular beating of the heart can cause the movement of the blood clot. The stroke paralysis caused by ischemic stroke is a serious condition and may need proper medical attention.
3. Stroke paralysis due to Hemorrhage stroke
Hemorrhage stroke occurs when the bursting of a blood vessel occurs within the brain that results in the spreading of blood over the brain tissues. This is a serious condition and the stroke paralysis caused by hemorrhage stroke may require more care, medication, and physiotherapy to recover. There are three types of hemorrhage stroke. They are aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation as well as bleeding in the brain.
Aneurysm: – In the case of an aneurysm, a feeble portion of a blood vessel in the brain may flare up and rupture,e that results in hemorrhage stroke and stroke paralysis.
Arteriovenous malformation: – In arteriovenous malformation, abnormally formed blood vessels within the brain may rupture and cause hemorrhage stroke.
Bleeding in the brain due to high BP: – Sometimes, high blood pressure may cause the weakening of the small blood vessels in the brain and that may cause internal bleeding in the brain.
Stroke Paralysis Symptoms
When people are aware of the symptoms of stroke paralysis, they can seek immediate medical attention to reduce the effects of it. Immediate medical attention can provide more positive effects on the treatment and can ensure a speedy recovery. Headache, speech trouble, and numbness in the body parts are the three major signs of stroke paralysis.
Headache:- Headache is the most common symbol of stroke paralysis. A sudden and strong headache may feel. Dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and loss of consciousness can be accompanied by a headache before a stroke and resultant stroke paralysis.
Trouble to speak: – People may feel trouble to speak on the verge of a stroke. They may slur while pronouncing words and may exhibit difficulty in following instructions.
Numbness: – people may feel a numbness in body parts before a stroke. Weakness or a no feeling state may happen on face, legs, or arms and it is the most prominent symptom of stroke paralysis. Mostly it may happen on the arm and leg of one side and they may feel difficulty in smiling and speaking.
How to prevent stroke paralysis?
According to medical experts, along with the steps to cure stroke paralysis, equal importance should be given to prevent its occurrence in the future. The following steps can become useful in the prevention of stroke paralysis.
Awareness: – One should be aware of the risk factors of stroke in the future, especially patients who have an early history of strokes.
Medical care:- One should follow the instructions of his/her doctor and keep the medication and exercise pattern after an attack or in the case of a possibility of stroke anticipated by the medical expert.
Healthy lifestyle: – Adopting a healthy and active lifestyle is essential in the prevention of stroke paralysis. Suitable food habits and regular exercise should become a normal pattern of life.
Blood Pressure Control: – Blood pressure control is essential to prevent stroke paralysis. Regular monitoring and proper medication are needed to achieve this.
Healthy weight: – Overweightness can increase the hazard of stroke paralysis. So one should be careful about maintaining a weight that is in a healthy range.
Monitoring of cholesterol:- Controlling of cholesterol is also needed to stay away from stroke paralysis. A proper food regime and systematic exercise can ensure it.
The stroke paralysis recovery period is different in different people. It depends on the treatment received after the stroke and the response of the body of the patient to the treatment. The severity of the attack and the mental determination of the patient to recover from it can also influence the recovery. Six months is the general period of recovery suggested in most cases but it can vary to either side. True focus on the recovery while following the medication and therapy is the only way to ensure the cure fast.
It is vital to find a suitable hospital with proper medical facilities and personnel to take care of your needs after a stroke and vigilant following of the medications and therapies provided from the facility is important. A good stroke management unit is essential when you or anyone from your family needs treatment for stroke paralysis or other related problems. Find a good stroke management unit near you when the need arises to ensure a full and fast recovery after stroke or prevent an attack in advance.